World War 2

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DateCountryDetail
20/05/1895
United Kingdom Reginald Mitchell is born in Stoke-on-Trent, he went on to become manager of Supermarine which developed and built the World War 2 Spitfire fighter plane.
11/06/1937
United Kingdom Reginald Mitchell dies of cancer.
15/09/1938
Germany Neville Chamberlain meets Adolf Hitler to negotiate a compromise over Germany's ambitions in europe.
29/09/1938
Germany British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain, Frenc Prime Minister Edouard Daladier, Italian leader Benito Mussolini and German leader Adolf Hitler sign the Munich agreement ceding Sudetenland to Germany.
01/09/1939
Poland World War 2 starts as Germany invades Poland
05/09/1939
United States The United States declares itself neutral in World War 2.
10/09/1939
Canada Canada declares war on Germany in World War 2.
17/09/1939
Poland The Soviet Union invades Poland during World War 2.
27/09/1939
Poland During World War 2, Poland surrenders after several weeks of resistance against German and Soviet invaders.
28/09/1939
Poland Germany and the Soviet Union agree a plan to partition Poland.
28/05/1940
Belgium Belgium surrenders to German forces during World War 2.
09/06/1940
Norway Norway surrenders to the Nazis in World War 2.
14/06/1940
France During World War 2, German troops enter Paris, France.
17/06/1940
France Following the fall of Paris, France seeks an armistice with Germany.
30/06/1940
United Kingdom Germany occupies the Channel Islands
14/07/1940
United Kingdom Facing possible invasion Britain forms the Home Guard, a part-time volunteer army comprising men not eligable for National Service.
08/08/1940
United Kingdom The Battle of Britain officially starts as Germany prepares to invade Britain.
20/08/1940
United Kingdom Prime Minister Winston Churchill pays tribute to the Royal Air Force - "Never in the field of human conflict was so much owed by so many to so few."
07/09/1940
United Kingdom Germany begins its mass bombing (Blitz) on London
13/09/1940
United Kingdom During the London Blitz of World War 2, Buckingham Palace is hit by a bomb.
15/09/1940
United Kingdom RAF Fighter Command claims victory over the Luftwaffe after a day of major bombing raids on London ends in major losses for the Germans.
28/10/1940
Greece During World War 2 Italy invades Greece.
15/11/1940
United Kingdom Relays of the German Luftwaffe bomb Coventry in a massive raid which lasts more than 10 hours and leaves much of the city (including the 14th century cathedral) devastated.
27/05/1941
France During World War 2 the British navy sinks the German battleship Bismark off France, 2,100 lives are lost.
22/06/1941
Russian Federation The German Army takes the Soviet leader Josef Stalin by surprise as it begins a massive advance on Moscow.
07/07/1941
Iceland US forces arrive in Iceland to take over its garrisoning from the British. With Iceland and neighbouring sea routes under US protection, the British Royal Navy focusses on defending Mediterranean positions.
08/09/1941
Russian Federation The German Army begins a siege of Leningrad, the siege lasts two and half years.
02/10/1941
Russian Federation The German Army launches Operation Typhoon, the push to capture Moscow.
07/12/1941
United States Japanese war planes attack the American naval base at Pearl Harbour bringing America into World War 2
09/12/1941
China During World War 2, China declares war on Japan, Germany and Italy.
15/02/1942
Singapore British forces in Singapore surrender to the Japanese - seven days after enemy troops first stormed the island.
07/08/1942
Solomon Islands US forces land on Guadalcanal and successfully take over the airfield but despite the landing fierce fighting continues with Japanese forces until February 1943.
11/08/1942
United Kingdom Barns Wallace patents a bouncing bomb which is subsequently used by the RAF to breach several German dams in 1943.
19/08/1942
France British and Canadian troops launch a raid on the French port of Dieppe, more than half of the 6,000 force are killed or captured.
23/08/1942
Russian Federation The Battle of Stalingrad begins during World War 2.
23/10/1942
Egypt Britain launches a major offensive against German and Italian forces at El Alamein in Egypt.
02/11/1942
Egypt British troops led by General Bernard Montgomery break through German defences at El Alamein.
19/11/1942
Russian Federation During World War 2, Russian troops launch a winter offensive against German forces on the Don front.
02/02/1943
Russian Federation The half-starved remnants of the German 6th Army give themselves up after five months of bloody fighting for Stalingrad ends in defeat.
10/07/1943
Italy British and US troops invade Sicily during World War 2.
13/07/1943
Russian Federation The largest tank battle in history, the battle of Kursk, ends with German forces defeated at Kursk south of Moscow. Over 6000 tanks were involved in the battle.
22/07/1943
Italy American troops under General George Patton capture Palermo, Sicily.
17/08/1943
Italy British and US troops enter Messina to complete the conquest of Sicily.
07/09/1943
Italy Italy surrenders to the Allies during World War 2.
09/09/1943
Italy During World War 2, allied troops land at Salerno, Italy.
10/09/1943
Italy German troops occupy Rome and take over protection of the Vatican City.
13/10/1943
Italy Prime minister Pietro Badoglio of Italy declares war on Germany.
22/11/1943
Egypt Franklin D Roosevelt, Winston Churchill and Chiang Kai-shek meet in Cairo to discuss plans for defeating Japan.
01/12/1943
Iran Franklin D Roosevelt, Winston Churchill and Josef Stalin meet for the first time. At the end of their conference in Tehran they expressed determination to work together to win the war in Europe and Asia and establish a lasting peace.
04/01/1944
Italy The Battle of Monte Cassino, Italy starts
27/01/1944
Russian Federation Soviet forces drive German troops away from the Leningrad which has been besieged since September 1941.
06/06/1944
France During World War 2 the allied invasion of europe commences with the D Day landings on the beaches of Normandy.
13/06/1944
United Kingdom During World War 2, the first V1 flying bomb (Doodlebug) lands in Britain, killing three people in a house in Southampton.
20/07/1944
Germany Adolf Hitler is slightly injured when a bomb explodes at his Rastenberg headquarters
01/08/1944
Poland During World War 2, the Warsaw Uprising starts against occupying German troops. The uprising lasts 63 days.
12/08/1944
United Kingdom The fuel pipeline (PLUTO) running under the British Channel from Britain to France goes into operation delivering fuel to support the allied advance.
25/08/1944
France Free French and American forces liberate Paris, =per= becomes leader of the provisional French government.
04/09/1944
Belgium Allied forces liberate Brussels and Antwerp in Belgium.
17/09/1944
Netherlands Allied troops are parachuted behind enemy lines in the Netherlands.
02/10/1944
Poland German troops crush the two month Warsaw Uprising, during which 250,000 were killed.
27/01/1945
Poland The Red Army liberates the Nazi's biggest concentration camp at Auschwitz in southern Poland.
04/02/1945
Russian Federation President Franklin D Roosevelt, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill and Soviet leader Josef Stalin begin a wartime conference at Yalta.
11/02/1945
Russian Federation Franklin D Roosevelt, Winston Churchill and Josef Stalin sign the Yalta Agreement during World War 2.
13/02/1945
Hungary The Soviets capture Budapest, Hungary, from the Germans during World War 2.
14/02/1945
Germany British and US bombers pound the ancient German city of Dresden with high explosives and incendiaries
19/02/1945
United States 30,000 United States Marines land on the Western Pacific island of Iwo Jima, where they encountered fierce resistance from Japanese forces.
23/02/1945
United States US Marines on Iwo Jima capture Mount Suribachi and raise the American flag. The moment is captured in a Pulitzer Prize winning photo by AP photographer Joe Rosenthal.
15/04/1945
Germany British troops enter the Bergen Belsen concentration camp after negotiating a truce with the German commandant
08/05/1945
United Kingdom Victory in World War 2 is declared in Europe.
21/06/1945
Japan The Japanese island of Okinawa falls to the Americans after a long and bloody battle.
17/07/1945
Germany Harry Truman, Winston Churchill and Josef Stalin meet in Potsdam to discuss the futre following the defeat of Germany
06/08/1945
Japan The United States drops an atomic bomb on the Japanese city of Hiroshima killing 140,000 people
08/08/1945
Russian Federation During World War 2, the Soviet Union declares war on Japan
09/08/1945
Japan The United States drops an atomic bomb on the Japanese city of Nagasaki killing 74,000 people
14/08/1945
United States President Harry Truman announces that Japan has surrendered thereby ending World War 2.
15/08/1945
France The head of the Vichy goverment in France, Marshall Philippe Petain is convicted of treason. His death sentence is later commuted to life imprisonment.
02/09/1945
Japan Japan formally surrenders to the Allies on board the USS Missouri.
20/11/1945
Germany The trial of twenty of Germany's Nazi leaders begin in Nuremberg.
03/01/1946
United Kingdom World War 2 Nazi propaganda broadcaster William Joyce is hanged for treason.
05/10/1947
United States President Harry Truman delivers the first televised address to the nation from the White House.
05/02/1953
United Kingdom The rationing of confectionery in the United Kingdom ends after 10 years, with schoolchildren first in the queue for unlimited sweets and chocolate.
09/10/1974
Germany German business man Oskar Schindler, who saved 1,200 Jews from the concentration camps during World War 2, dies aged 66.
01/04/2000
United Kingdom The Enigma machine, used by the Germans to encrypt messages in the World War 2, is stolen from Bletchley Park.
Page Last Updated : 7/1/2018 10:01:00 PM
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On This Day - World War 2