Germany

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DateDetail
31/10/1517
Martin Luther posts his 97 Theses on the door of Wittenberg Palace church to begin the Protestant Reformation in Germany.
03/01/1521
Martin Luther is excommunicated from the Roman Catholic Church.
18/02/1546
Martin Luther, leader of the Protestant Reformation in Germany, dies.
27/12/1571
German mathematician and astronomer Johannes Kepler dies. His 'Astronomia Nova', published in 1609, defined the laws of planetary motion and influenced both Galileo Galilei and Isaac Newton
23/02/1685
German composer George Frideric Handel is born.
03/02/1809
German composer, pianist and teacher Felix Mendelssohn is born
22/05/1813
Composer Richard Wagner is born in Leipzig, Germany.
27/08/1813
The French army, commanded by Napoleon Bonaparte, defeats a larger Austrian army at the Battle of Dresden.
05/05/1818
Philospher and author Karl Marx is born in Germany.
08/07/1838
Designer of the Zeppelin airships, Graf von Zeppelin, is born.
15/10/1844
German philosopher Friedrich Nietzche is born.
23/09/1846
Johann Galle discovers the planet Neptune.
23/04/1858
Max Planck is born.
14/03/1879
Albert Einstein is born in Ulm, Germany.
29/08/1885
German motor car designer and builder Gottlieb Daimler patents the first motorcycle.
02/05/1892
World War 1 flying ace Manfred Richthofen, also know as the Red Baron, is born.
26/06/1898
German aircraft designer Willi Messerschmitt is born
06/03/1900
German pianoforte maker Carl Bechstein dies
06/03/1900
German motor car designer and builder Gottlieb Daimler dies
01/07/1900
Count Ferndinand von Zeppelin's airship flew for the first time
25/08/1900
German philosopher Friedrich Nietzche dies
07/10/1900
German Nazi leader and SS chief Heinrich Himmler is born
14/12/1900
Max Planck unveiled his Quantum theory - that energy comes in minute indivisible packets - analagous to the indivisible atoms of matter
06/03/1901
Anarchist attempts to assassinate Kaiser Wilhelm in Germany, he escapes with face wounds.
31/03/1901
A revolutionary high performance car has been made by Daimler for Emile Jellink, it was named after his daughter Mercedes.
25/04/1901
200 people are killed in a chemical factory explosion near Griesheim, Germany.
05/08/1901
Empress Victoria of Germany dies; Victoria was the mother of Wilhelm II and the eldest daughter of Queen Victoria
27/12/1901
German actress and entertainer Marlene Deitrich was born as Magdelena von Losch
28/01/1907
A mine explosion in the German city of Saarbrucken kills 164
25/01/1909
First performance of Richard Strauss's opera "Electra" in Dresden
03/08/1914
Germany declares war on France.
21/04/1918
World War 1 flying ace Manfred Richthofen, also know as the Red Baron, is killed in action.
13/05/1927
Germany's Black Friday marks the beginning of the collapse of the German economy.
16/04/1928
Pope Benedict XVI is born as Joseph Ratzinger.
12/06/1929
Holocaust victim and diarist Anne Frank is born in Frankfurt am Main.
29/08/1929
The German airship, Graf Zeppelin completes a 21 day flight around the world.
02/08/1934
Adolf Hitler becomes Fuehrer on the death of President Paul von Hindenburg.
18/08/1934
A plebiscite in Germany gives Adolf Hitler sole power as Fuehrer.
01/08/1936
The 11th Olympics open in Berlin with an ovation from the crowd for Adolf Hitler.
09/08/1936
Jesse Owens wins his fourth gold at the Berlin Olympics when the United States won the 400 meter relay.
04/03/1937
The German hydrogen filled airship Hindenburg makes its first official flight in Germany
15/09/1938
Neville Chamberlain meets Adolf Hitler to negotiate a compromise over Germany's ambitions in europe.
29/09/1938
British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain, Frenc Prime Minister Edouard Daladier, Italian leader Benito Mussolini and German leader Adolf Hitler sign the Munich agreement ceding Sudetenland to Germany.
10/05/1941
Adolf Hitler's deputy Rudolf Hess parachutes into Scotland.
20/07/1944
Adolf Hitler is slightly injured when a bomb explodes at his Rastenberg headquarters
14/10/1944
War time commander of the Africa Korps, Erwin Rommel dies
16/01/1945
Following a number of defeats and allied forces approaching Berlin, Adolf Hitler with his companion, Eva Braun takes refuge in a bunker in Berlin.
14/02/1945
British and US bombers pound the ancient German city of Dresden with high explosives and incendiaries
12/03/1945
Anne Frank, author of "The Diary of Anne Frank," dies at Bergen-Belsen concentration camp from Typhus during a typhus epidemic that spreads through the concentration camp.
15/04/1945
British troops enter the Bergen Belsen concentration camp after negotiating a truce with the German commandant
29/04/1945
Adolf Hitler marries his mistress Eva Braun in a bunker in Berlin.
30/04/1945
Adolf Hitler commits suicide in a bunker in Berlin, Germany.
22/05/1945
German Nazi leader and SS chief Heinrich Himmler commits suicice in prison in Luneberg, Germany.
17/07/1945
Harry Truman, Winston Churchill and Josef Stalin meet in Potsdam to discuss the futre following the defeat of Germany
20/11/1945
The trial of twenty of Germany's Nazi leaders begin in Nuremberg.
15/10/1946
War time German leader Herman Goring commits suicide by poison
10/04/1947
Max Planck dies at the age of 89.
24/06/1948
Start of the Berlin Blockade. The Soviet Union makes overland travel between the West and West Berlin impossible.
12/05/1949
The Soviet Union announces the end of the Berlin blockade.
30/09/1949
After 15 months and 250,000 flights the Berlin airlift officially ends.
18/04/1955
Eminent scientist Dr Albert Einstein, who developed the theory of relativity, dies in hospital aged 76.
13/08/1961
Communist authorities seal off all roads between East and West Berlin, instructing soldiers to shoot anyone attempting to cross to the west.
26/06/1963
President John F Kennedy visits West Berlin and declares his support for the Berlin people.
26/12/1970
British Olympic medallist Lillian Board dies at the Munich University Hospital having lost her battle with a virulent form of cancer. She won European gold medals and an Olympic silver medal for athletics.
04/09/1972
Swimmer Mark Spitz becomes the first person to win seven gold medals in a single Olympics, when the US win the 400 metre relay in Munich.
06/09/1972
11 Israeli athletes die in a gun battle between Palestinian terrorists and German security forces.
09/10/1974
German business man Oskar Schindler, who saved 1,200 Jews from the concentration camps during World War 2, dies aged 66.
01/08/1976
Racing driver Niki Lauda is in a critical condition in hospital following a crash in the Grand Prix in Germany.
13/10/1977
Palestinian terrorists hijack a Lufthansa jet beginning a four day siege where the plane is forced to land and take off from a number of airports.
18/10/1977
West German commandos storm the hijacked Lufthansa plane while it is on the ground at Mogadishu freeing all 86 passengers and killing 3 of the 4 hijackers.
17/09/1978
German aircraft designer Willi Messerschmitt dies
11/09/1982
39 sky divers are killed in a helicopter crash in west Germany.
01/10/1982
The Christian Democrat Helmut Kohl replaces Social Democrat Helmut Schmidt as Germany's chancellor.
05/04/1986
A bomb explodes in La Belle disco crowded with US servicemen in Berlin, Germany, killing at least two and injuring over 100.
23/03/1987
More than 30 people are injured in a car bomb explosion at the UK Army headquarters in Rheindahlen, West Germany.
17/08/1987
The last of Adolf Hitler's colleagues, Rudolf Hess dies in the West Berlin Spandau prison. This was his fifth attempt to kill himself
28/08/1988
Two Italian air force jets collide at an airshow in Franfurt, Germany killing 46 and leaving many injured.
18/10/1989
The communist leader of East Germany, Erich Honecker, is forced to step down due to health problems.
10/11/1989
The Berlin Wall falls as East Germany opens its borders and refugees flood into the west.
03/10/1990
Germany divided by the Berlin Wall for 45 years is today re-united under a unified government led by Helmut Kohl.
27/10/1998
Gerhard Schroeder becomes Chancellor of Germany.
26/04/2002
An expelled student from a school in Erfurt, Germany, goes on a shooting spree at the school killing 13 teachers, 2 students and a police officer.
19/04/2005
Cardinal Joseph Ratzinger of Germany becomes Pope Benedict XVI.
22/11/2005
Angela Merkel, the leader of the Christian Democrats, becomes the first woman chancellor in Germany.
Page Last Updated : 7/2/2018 10:01:00 PM
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On This Day - Germany