France

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DateDetail
22/02/1403
King Charles VII of France is born
29/07/1588
Off the coast of France, the English navy commanded by Sir Francis Drake defeats the Spanish Armada sent by King Philip II.
15/08/1769
Napoleon Bonaparte is born in Corsica.
21/11/1783
Jean Francois Pilatre and Francois Laurent become the first to complete a manned hot air balloon flight, they were airborne for 25 minutes and travelled five miles over Paris.
14/07/1789
The French Revolution begins with the Storming of the Bastille in Paris and the seven prisoners held are freed.
21/09/1792
The legislative assembly in France votes to abolish the monarchy.
24/06/1793
First republican constitution in France adopted
16/10/1793
French Queen Marie Antoinette is guillotined during the French Revolution.
08/11/1793
The French revolutionary government open a former royal palace, the Louvre, as an art gallery.
28/07/1794
French Revolution leader Maximilien de Robespierre is executed.
26/02/1802
French author Victor Hugo is born in Besancon
04/01/1809
French teacher of the blind and inventor of Braille Louis Braille is born
11/04/1814
Napoleon Bonaparte abdicates as emperor of France and is banished to the island of Elba
15/07/1815
Napoleon Bonaparte surrenders to the British at Rochefort.
08/08/1815
Napoleon Bonaparte is sent into exile on St Helena.
05/05/1821
Napoleon Bonaparte dies in exile on the island of St Helena.
15/10/1836
French artist James Tissot is born
25/02/1841
French painter Pierre-Auguste Renoir is born
26/02/1848
The Second French Republic is proclaimed.
06/01/1852
Louis Braille, French teacher of the blind and inventor of Braille dies
15/05/1859
Pierre Curie is born in France.
19/10/1859
Alfred Dreyfus, who becomes the center of the Drefus Affair, is born in Mulhouse, France.
07/03/1875
Composer Maurice Ravel is born in Ciboure, France
19/08/1883
Gabrielle Coco Chanel, French fashion designer, is born.
31/03/1889
Alexandre Gustave Eiffel flies the tricolour from the top of the Eiffel Tower in Paris, France, to celebrate its completion
06/10/1889
The Moulin Rouge cabaret opens in Paris, France.
22/11/1890
Charles de Gaulle is born in Lille
05/01/1895
French officer Alfred Dreyfus is stripped of his rank and sentenced to life imprisonment on Devil's Island.
14/04/1900
The French President M Loubet opens the Paris International Exhibition with a call for world peace. The exhibition covering 547 acres is the largest of its kind.
14/05/1900
"World Amateur Championships" start in Paris
19/07/1900
Opening of the Metropolitan (Metro) rail system in Paris
02/08/1900
Anarchist Francois Salsou tries to assissinate the Shah of Persia in Paris
19/09/1900
French President Loubet pardons Jewish army captain Alfred Dreyfus, after a second court martial upheld his previous wrongful conviction of spying for Germany
23/09/1900
The fifth congress of Socialist International met in Paris with delegates from twenty one countries.
12/11/1900
The World Exhibition closes in Paris having had more that 50 million visitors
16/01/1901
Camille Pisaro's works are exhibited at the Durand-Ruel gallery in Paris
12/06/1901
French physicist Henri Becquerel found that salts of uranium emitted rays, similar to the artificial rays produced by cathode ray tubes - ie Atoms contain smaller particles - electrons
29/06/1901
Frenchman Henri Fournier wins the 750 mile Paris to Berlin motor race
09/09/1901
French painter Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec dies aged 36.
20/04/1902
Marie Curie and Pierre Curie successfully isolate the radioactive element Radium.
19/01/1903
A new cycle race is announced - the 'Tour de France'
04/06/1903
Marie Curie and Pierre Curie successfully isolate the element Polonium.
21/01/1905
French fashion designer Christian Dior is born
21/06/1905
Philosopher Jean-Paul Satre is born in Paris, France.
02/01/1906
The new Darraq racing car achieves speeds of 108 mph in France
19/04/1906
Pierre Curie is killed in a street accident in Paris, France.
26/06/1906
The first official motor racing grand prix, the French Grand Prix, takes place at Le Mans. It is won by Hungarian Ferenc Szisz driving a Renault at an average speed of 63 mph.
22/07/1906
Captain Alfred Dreyfus is officially re-instated into the French Army and awarded the Legion of Honour after his wrongful imprisonment for treason.
08/01/1908
An exhibition of paintings by Vincent van Gogh opens in Paris at the Bernheim Gallery
13/01/1908
Henri Farman collected the price for the first heavier than air aircraft to cover a circuit of at least one kilometer
15/05/1908
Claude Monet destroys some of his paintings, which he does not like.
01/07/1908
The first Tour de France race begins.
05/07/1911
Georges Pompidou is born.
21/08/1911
Vinvenzo Perruggia poses as a photographer to steal the Mona Lisa by Leonardo da Vinci from the Louvre in Paris.
05/09/1914
The first Battle of the Marne begins during World War 1.
15/09/1914
The first military tanks are used, in the Battle of the Somme.
21/02/1916
The World War 1 Battle of Verdun begins in France
26/10/1916
French president Francois Mitterrand is born in Jarnac, Charente.
25/07/1917
Mata Hari is sentenced to death in France for spying on Germany's behalf.
15/10/1917
Mata Hari is executed by firing squad for treason against France.
15/07/1918
During World War 1 the second Battle of Marne begins near Reims in France.
30/08/1918
The Battle of the Somme begins, the most costly battle in terms of human life during World War 1.
28/06/1919
Germany and the Allies sign the Treaty of Versailles to officially end World War 1.
20/08/1924
Potential 100 meter gold medal winner at the Paris Olympics, Eric Liddell refuses to take part in the heats because they take place on a Sunday, which is contrary to his religous beliefs.
22/11/1928
Bolero by Maurice Ravel is premiered in Paris, France
04/07/1934
Marie Curie dies in Haute-Savoie, France, from aplastic anemia most likely caused by exposure to radiation.
12/07/1935
Alfred Dreyfus dies in Paris, France.
26/06/1937
Following his abdication, King Edward VIII, under his new title Duke of Windsor, marries Wallis Simpson in France.
28/12/1937
Composer Maurice Ravel dies in a clinic in Paris at the age of 62.
14/06/1940
During World War 2, German troops enter Paris, France.
17/06/1940
Following the fall of Paris, France seeks an armistice with Germany.
27/05/1941
During World War 2 the British navy sinks the German battleship Bismark off France, 2,100 lives are lost.
19/08/1942
British and Canadian troops launch a raid on the French port of Dieppe, more than half of the 6,000 force are killed or captured.
06/06/1944
During World War 2 the allied invasion of europe commences with the D Day landings on the beaches of Normandy.
25/08/1944
Free French and American forces liberate Paris, =per= becomes leader of the provisional French government.
15/08/1945
The head of the Vichy goverment in France, Marshall Philippe Petain is convicted of treason. His death sentence is later commuted to life imprisonment.
13/10/1946
France adopts the constitution of the fourth republic
07/08/1947
The balsa wood raft Kon-Tiki makes landfall in a Polynesian archipelago after carrying six crew members 4,300 miles.
13/11/1954
England beats France to win the first ever Rugby World Cup final in Paris.
06/11/1957
Felix Gaillard becomes Prime Minister of France.
01/06/1958
General Charles de Gaulle becomes premier of France.
21/12/1958
General Charles de Gaulle wins the presidential elections in France with a massive majority
08/01/1959
General Charles de Gaulle is proclaimed first President of the new Fifth Republic in France during a brief ceremony at the Elysée Palace in Paris.
16/06/1961
Ballet dancer Rudolf Nureyev defects to the west while in Paris with the Kirov Ballet.
08/02/1962
At least eight people have been killed during a demonstration in the French capital protesting against the independence of Algeria.
22/08/1962
Terrorists attack Charles de Gaulle but he escapes with only minor injuries caused by flying glass.
11/10/1963
French singer and actress Edith Piaf dies
21/01/1966
Four British cars are disqualified in the Monte Carlo rally raising doubts about the future of the rally
24/01/1966
117 die as an Air India airliner crashes into Mont Blanc
27/11/1967
The French president, Charles de Gaulle, vetoes Britain's application to join the Common Market (predecessor of the EC)
02/03/1969
The supersonic airliner Concorde makes its maiden flight.
28/04/1969
The French president, Charles de Gaulle, resigns from office after 11 years, following his defeat in a referendum on governmental reforms.
15/06/1969
Georges Pompidou is elected President of France.
01/11/1970
In France, a fire in a Grenoble night club kills 146 people.
09/11/1970
Charles de Gaulle dies of a heart attack at the age of 79.
10/01/1971
Gabrielle Coco Chanel, French fashion designer, dies
03/07/1971
Jim Morrison dies in Paris of heart failure at the age of 27.
01/01/1972
French actor and singer Maurice Chevalier dies.
05/03/1973
Sixty-eight passengers and crew die when two Spanish aircraft collide in mid-air over France.
08/04/1973
The artist Pablo Picasso dies of a heart attack at his chateau near Cannes on the French Riviera.
03/03/1974
A Turkish Airlines DC10 crashes near Paris, en route to London, killing all 345 people on board.
24/03/1978
Violent seas split the wreck of the super tanker Amoco Cadiz destroying any hopes of salvaging any remaining oil.
15/04/1980
Philosopher Jean-Paul Satre dies at the age of 74 of edema of the lung in Paris, France.
03/10/1980
A bomb explodes in a synagogue in Paris killing four people.
10/05/1981
The Socialist leader, Francois Mitterrand is elected president of France
02/10/1985
Rock Hudson dies in Paris from AIDS aged 59.
17/11/1986
Georges Besse, head of the French car company Renault, is assassinated in Paris
03/07/1987
German born Klaus Barbie is found guilty of war crimes in a trial in Lyons
10/05/1988
Francois Mitterrand is re-elected as France's president, defeating prime minister Jacques Chirac
06/01/1993
Ballet dancer Rudolf Nureyev dies in Paris of AIDS at the age of 54
29/03/1993
Conservative politicians take 80% of the seats in the French National Assembly and replace the Socialists as the main force.
08/01/1996
France mourns its longest serving president Francois Mitterrand who died on this day.
29/01/1996
French President Jacques Chirac says France will no longer test nuclear weapons after uproar over Pacific tests.
31/08/1997
Princess Diana is killed in a car accident in a tunnel in Paris
03/01/2000
Police say the Paul Cezanne painting taken from the Ashmolean Museum in Oxford on New Year's Eve was probably stolen to order.
25/07/2000
Concorde crashes shortly after taking off from Charles de Gaulle airport in Paris, France. 113 people are killed.
11/11/2004
Yasir Arafat dies in hospital in Paris, France, aged 75.
24/07/2005
Lance Armstrong completes his cycling career with his seventh consecutive win of the Tour de France.
Page Last Updated : 7/3/2018 10:01:00 PM
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On This Day - France