South Africa

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DateDetail
03/01/1892
JRR Tolkien, author of the "Lord of the Rings" trilogy, is born in Bloemfontein, South Africa.
11/10/1899
The second war between Great Britain and the Boers erupts in Orange Free State and Transvaal
12/10/1899
Boer republic of South Africa declares war on Great Britain
06/01/1900
General White and his forces repell fierce Boer attack on Ladysmith
10/01/1900
Field Marshal Lord Roberts arrives in Cape Town to assume supreme command of the British forces following a series of British defeats in Natal
11/02/1900
Colonel Hannay begins the invasion of the Orange Free State with a march from Orange River to Ramdam
28/02/1900
After a siege of 118 days the seige of Ladysmith is over following the arrival of a detachment of cavalry
14/03/1900
Following recent Boer defeats, the Boers suggest a peace based on all parties withdrawing to their own borders - Britain rejects this offer.
09/04/1900
The Boers defeat the British at Kroonstadt
20/05/1900
After a siege of seven months the Rhodesian town of Mafeking is ended by British and Canadian forces.
01/09/1900
General Roberts annexes the Boer replublic of Transvaal
30/09/1900
Lord Roberts has assured London that the Boer War is over, resistance has been reduced to scattered bands of Boers attacking and de-railing trains
31/05/1910
The union of South Africa is founded
06/11/1913
Mahatma Gandhi is arrested as he leads a march of Indian miners in South Africa.
18/07/1918
Nelson Mandela is born in Qunu, South Africa.
21/09/1937
JRR Tolkien publishes "The Hobbit"
21/03/1960
More than 50 Africans die and 169 are injured as police open fire in the South African township of Sharpeville.
31/05/1961
South Africa becomes a republic.
05/08/1962
South African Nelson Mandela is arrested for attempting to overthrow the South African government.
14/06/1964
South African Nelson Mandela is among 8 black activists sentenced to life imprisonment for acts of sabotage. He is sent to the prison on Robben Island.
02/01/1968
Dr Christian Barnard performed the second heart transplant in Cape Town, South Africa
12/09/1977
South African student leader Steven Biko dies in police custody in Pretoria.
25/09/1977
In South Africa 15,000 attend the funeral of anti-apartheid campaigner Steven Biko.
02/12/1977
A magistrate in South Africa rules that no police are to blame for the death in police custody of Steven Biko causing a demonstration outside the court.
20/05/1983
A car bomb explodes outside the South African air force headquarters in Pretoria killing 16 and injuring 190.
19/02/1985
Several hundred are hurt in clashes in South Africa between police and blacks demonstrating against being relocated to a black township.
27/08/1985
Following further racial violence and unprecedented criticism of South Africa by black leaders, the South African currency, the Rand falls to its lowest ever rate against the dollar.
16/09/1986
At least 177 people die in a fire which sweeps through the Kinross Gold Mine in South Africa.
15/08/1989
Frederik de Klerk is elected president of South Africa
02/02/1990
President Frederik de Klerk of South Africa lifts the 30-year ban on leading anti-apartheid group the African National Congress
11/02/1990
South African black activist Nelson Mandela is freed after 27 years in captivity
01/02/1991
South African president Frederik de Klerk announces the abolition of the last remaining apartheid laws.
14/05/1991
Winnie Mandela is sentenced to six years in prison for her part in the beating of three young blacks and the death of a fourth
18/03/1992
White South Africans back an overwhelming mandate for political reforms to end apartheid.
18/06/1992
A large gang of men attacked the residents of Biopatong township in South Africa killing 39 and wounding many more.
22/12/1993
Frederik de Klerk, speaking at the end of the old South African parliament, welcomed the new constitution that will follow the all-race elections in April.
27/04/1994
In the first democratic elections in South Africa, a landslide victory for Nelson Mandela is forecast.
02/05/1994
Nelson Mandela claims victory in the first democratic South African elections.
10/05/1994
Nelson Mandela becomes the first black president of South Africa in a ceremony attended by the largest assembly of foreign dignatories to visit Africa.
02/11/1995
Former South African defence minister General Magnus Malan is arrested with 10 other former senior military officers and is charged with the murder of 13 black people in 1987
Page Last Updated : 6/30/2018 10:01:00 PM
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